Onyedigen Nedir? Özellikleri Nelerdir?

admin | 30 Ocak 2018 | Bilim, Bilim Adamları ve Kaşifler, Genel, Matematik ve Geometri

Yunan astronomisi, fiziği, kimyası, tıbbı ve coğrafyasının Bilim Devriminin başlamasından sonra yenilenmesine rağmen, Yunan geometrisi olduğu yerde kalmıştı. Ancak 1796’da genç Alman Matematikçi Cari Friedrich Gauss (1777 -1855), sadece bir pergel ve cetvel kullanarak bir onyedigen (eşit uzunlukta on yedi kenarı olan bir çokgen, bu nedenle bazen onyedigen diye adlandırılır) kurma yöntemini buldu. Yunanlılar bunu becerememişlerdi ve Gauss’un başarısı eski zamanlardan beri geometriye yapılmış ilk dikkate değer katkı olarak görüldü. Fakat Gauss sadece bir kurma yöntemi bulmaktan fazlasını yaptı. Aynı zamanda sadece belirli sayıda kenarları olan çokgenlerin yalnız pergel ve cetvel kullanarak çizilebileceğini de gösterdi.

Eşit kenarları olan bir yedigen bu yolla kurulamıyordu. Bu, geometrik bir yapının imkansız olduğunun kanıtlandığı ilk durumdu. Bu noktadan itibaren matematikte imkansızlık kanıtı gittikçe daha çok önem kazandı.


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Onyedigen Nedir? Özellikleri Nelerdir? için 12 Yorum

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